How phage technology is taking over Africa


African continent
Map of Africa
Bacteriophage technology (phage therapy) has been evolving all over the world for many years, although its development can not be compared to the development of chemical drug technology. Chemical drugs have been preferably used as a weapon against bacterial pathogens until 20 to 21st century where there was a booming increase in antibiotics resistance. World Health Organisation (WHO) declared a shortage of innovative antibiotics. Even the new drugs from the pipeline could not solve the problem caused by superbugs, therefore, raised the need for an efficient alternative. Some institutions like the national institute of health (NIH) have already shifted an eye on the use of bacteriophages as a promising alternative to fight this catastrophe.

What is Africa Doing?

Africa is no longer an island where new technology will take decades to set off, this time there are several pioneer scientists who are working hard on bringing phage technology on board as a promising alternative. This results in an increase in experiments and researches on bacteriophages applications in different fields( veterinary medicine, animal production, sanitation, human medicine, and crop production) in Africa. 
African phage scientists under the support of the Phage directory opened a platform dedicated to members from Africa. This African phage Forum (APF) has a mission of providing a platform that encourages scholarship, collaboration, and mentorship among researchers and for the advancement of phage research in Africa. The forum has members from different academic levels (undergraduates, postgraduates, and established researchers).
Scientists have joined forces to form multidisciplinary teams that can make them achieve their common goal of providing the world with a solution to antibiotics resistance. One example of a thriving team is from Uganda (Phage Team Uganda) led by Dr. Jesca Lukanga Nakavuma, a senior lecturer/microbiologist from the college of veterinary medicine animal resources and biosecurity, Makerere University in Kampala. This team has been running a project on providing the world with safe fish (fish free from antibiotics and superbugs), their project has mainly focused on looking for lytic bacteriophage to be used as a biocontrol against deadly fish bacterial pathogens. The project brought a collaboration with various stakeholders such as; fish farmers, policymakers, legislators, science Professors, Academia, media personnel, investors, and scientific researchers who share views on the use of natural enemies of bacteria to improve the food, nutrition, and economic security, most especially through aquaculture.


Important milestones to this technology have been made in Africa although good is not better enough, scientists in Africa are waiting for the best where their sweat will result in the legalization of their products for treatment by the authorities. A number of bacteriophage-related researches have been published by scientists from Africa. This indicates the awareness of these particles is on the rise since the count keeps shooting upwards. International, national and institutional funders are also setting foot to support scientists from Africa who are spearheading this revolutionary idea.

If Africa will believe in its own scientists it's not far enough great life-serving solutions will be emerging from this continent. Governments in Africa and outside Africa should offer support to the outstanding scientists in Africa.


  1. thats so amazing. i hope one day phage will be accepted all over

  2. Wonderful 👏 👏 post. Lets pull the strings

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